Canada is a nation bordered by oceans on three sides, and the Great Lakes & St. Lawrence Seaway on the other. As such, Canada has an strong maritime tradition.
Canada's shipbuilding industry was once the 4rth largest globally, benefiting initially from it's colonial position on the trans-Atlantic routes, plentiful forests, and proximity to fishing grounds. Failing to modernize as steel became the dominant material of shipbuilding through the early 20th century, Canada's prominence steadily diminished until world war two. The war would again raise Canadian shipbuilders to the 4rth spot with plentiful domestic and international orders for the Allied forces and merchant marine. Afterwards, again failing to modernize, Canadian shipbuilding declined into the late 70's. Today, Canadian shipyards subsist on local contracts, particularly to the oil & gas industry on the east coast and domestic transportation on the west (i.e., BC Ferries). Defense and coast guard contracts, long a staple of Canadian shipyards, have been in decline since the end of the cold war; though, the Canadian government has committed once again to a $50 billion new-build acquisition strategy over the coming years.
Canada is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. The southern border with the United States shares the St. Lawrence seaway and the Great Lakes.
Canada's government maintains the national research council (for example, National Research Council-Institute of Ocean Technology). Canada's east coast has the St. John's ocean technology cluster. Canadian schools offering programs in naval architecture include;