Fire monitor heel

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Fire Monitor Heel

Fire monitor heel is a heeling moment imposed by the operation of fire-fighting equipment on board a ship. The total heeling moment is composed of two parts; the heel force exerted by a directed transverse spray of the ships monitors; and a countering thruster reaction force.


Monitor Moments

For most vessels, an evaluation of monitor heel is sufficient in the transverse direction only. Dedicated fire ships with complex fire fighting arrangements may also have to consider longitudinal forces, and rotational forces, on the hull. Once a force has been determined (based upon the flow rate and pressure at the monitors), the monitor heel force can be determined by;

Monitor Moment = Monitor Force x (Distance between LCF and Monitor)

Thruster Reaction Force

The thruster reaction force is considered for a horizontal force equivalent to the force of the monitors; i.e., what would be required to prevent the vessel from being pushed sideways. As this force operates oppositional to the fire monitors, it adds to the heeling force exerted on the vessel.

Thruster Moment = Thruster Reaction x (Distance between LCF and Thruster)

Fire Monitor Heel

The total fire monitor heel is taken as the sum of the monitor moment and the thruster moment;

Fire Monitor Heel Moment = Monitor Moment + Thruster Moment

For most vessels, evaluating only the transverse direction, this can be simplified;

Fire Monitor Heel Moment = (Monitor Force + Thruster Reaction) x (Distancemonitor-LCF + DistanceLCF-Thruster)

As the reaction force and monitor force should be equivalent, the moments can be combined;

Fire Monitor Heel Moment = 2 x (Monitor Force) x (DistanceMonitor to Thruster)

Azimuthing Propulsion

Vessels with multiple azimuthing propulsors may have to consider a thrust deduction factor. This is based upon the concept of a intercepted fraction of thrust.

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