Flag of convenience

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Flag of Convenience

Flags of convenience refer to vessels registered in foreign countries with open registers (i.e., allow foreign shipping) for the purpose of avoiding more stringent domestic regulations or tariffs on emissions, crewing, safety equipment, build quality, etc.

ITW List

The International Transport Workers' Federation's Fair Practices Committee has compiled this list of 32 countries which it considers 'flags of convenience';

  1. Antigua and Barbuda
  2. Bahamas
  3. Barbados
  4. Belize
  5. Bermuda
  6. Bolivia
  7. Burma
  8. Cambodia
  9. Cayman Islands
  10. Comoros
  11. Cyprus
  12. Equatorial Guinea
  13. France via French International Ship Register
  14. Germany via German International Ship Register
  15. Georgia
  16. Gibraltar
  17. Honduras
  18. Jamaica
  19. Lebanon
  20. Liberia
  21. Malta
  22. Marshall Islands
  23. Mauritius
  24. Mongolia
  25. Netherlands Antilles
  26. North Korea
  27. Panama
  28. Sao Tome and Príncipe
  29. St. Vincent
  30. Sri Lanka
  31. Tonga
  32. Vanuatu

In the same vein as France and Germany, Norway runs an international ship register which has been suggested is a flag of convenience as well.

External references

  • International Transport Workers' Federation list [1]
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