Oil spill response

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Oil Spill Response

Oil spill response consists of a number of methods to break up, neutralize, contain, or recover oil which has been spilt in a water body. Classed vessels with appropriate equipment will be eligible for oil recovery notations.

Contents

Vessels

Typical vessels with oil recovery capabilities are workboats; such as standby and response vessels which operate nearby offshore oil installations. Harbour vessels, such as tugs which assist in the berthing and maneuvering of tankers often have some level of capability as well. Also, dedicated response vessels exist - from small boom-laying vessels to the converted tanker, A Whale.

Pollution Response

Containment

Oil booms help to contain, concentrate, or direct oil spills. Oil booms are often proactively deployed when vessels are grounded, or on Naval vessels in port.

Recovery

Skimmers or similar are used to remove floating oil from the surface of the water. Dredging may be used to recover heavier products. The recovered oil can be decanted, centrifuged, and recovered.

Neutralization

Dispersants, detergent solutions, are used to accelerate the break-up of oil by the action of the ocean.

Burning

Contained oil may be burned, if containment is sufficient and weather conditions are favourable.

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