Oil spill response consists of a number of methods to break up, neutralize, contain, or recover oil which has been spilt in a water body. Classed vessels with appropriate equipment will be eligible for oil recovery notations.
Typical vessels with oil recovery capabilities are workboats; such as standby and response vessels which operate nearby offshore oil installations. Harbour vessels, such as tugs which assist in the berthing and maneuvering of tankers often have some level of capability as well. Also, dedicated response vessels exist - from small boom-laying vessels to the converted tanker, A Whale.
Oil booms help to contain, concentrate, or direct oil spills. Oil booms are often proactively deployed when vessels are grounded, or on Naval vessels in port.
Dispersants, detergent solutions, are used to accelerate the break-up of oil by the action of the ocean.
Contained oil may be burned, if containment is sufficient and weather conditions are favourable.